Menu Close

Top 5 Highest Rocks in Nigeria

Highest Rocks in Nigeria

Nigeria, a land of diverse landscapes, hides majestic geological wonders within its borders. In this article, we embark on a journey to explore the towering rocks that stand as silent sentinels across the Nigerian terrain. Join us as we unveil the Top 5 Highest Rocks, each with its unique charm and geological significance.

1. Zuma Rock, Niger State

Zuma Rock is a large monolith formed by an igneous intrusion of gabbro and granodiorite. It is located west of Nigeria’s capital, Abuja, on the main road from Abuja to Kaduna near Madala and is known as the “Gateway to Abuja from Suleja.” It was once assumed to be in the Federal Capital Territory. Still, it is really near the upper end of Madalla, a rural town in Niger State’s Suleja Local Government Area.

It rises dramatically over 725 meters (2379 feet) above the surrounding plain. Zuma Rock was formed during the Precambrian period when molten magma cooled and solidified below the Earth’s surface around 600 million years ago.

Zuma Rock is almost bare, with little or no vegetation growing on its surface due to its steep sides. However, its surroundings at the base support savanna vegetation. Zuma Rock has two main peaks with a narrow valley between them. The Rock covers approximately 1,125 m (3,691 ft) in area.

Zuma Rock appears on the 100 naira note. During intertribal warfare, the Gbagyi people used it as a defensive refuge against invading neighboring tribes.

Zuma Rock is Nigeria’s largest Rock. It is approximately 725 meters (2379 feet) above ground. It is about double the size of Abuja’s famous Aso Rock.

Zuma Rock is a stunning natural wonder and an iconic symbol of Niger State. Its grandeur and geologic significance make it worthy of appreciation and preservation for generations to come.

2. Aso Rock, FCT

Aso Rock is a massive outcrop of granite rock located on the outskirts of Abuja, Nigeria’s capital. The Aso Rock is a 400 meters (1,312 feet) high monolith with a peak elevation of 936 metres (3,071 feet) above sea level. It is one of the most striking aspects of the city. The Nigerian Presidential Complex, the Nigerian National Assembly, and the Nigerian Supreme Court surround it. The metropolis sprawls to the south of the Rock.

Aso Rock gets its name from the Asokoro (“Aso”) village at its base. In the native language of the Asokoro (“the people of victory”) ethnic group, “Aso” signifies “victory.”

Formed over 650 million years ago, Aso Rock is an inselberg, an isolated rocky hill that rises abruptly from a relatively flat surrounding area. Its granite rock formation was shaped by years of erosion and weathering. Aso Rock is made up of coarse-grained granite with large feldspar crystals formed by the slow cooling and solidification of magma beneath the Earth’s surface. Its towering height provides panoramic views of the city, and its historical significance and striking appearance make it an important symbol of Nigeria.

A popular tourist attraction, Aso Rock, can be accessed by driving the winding road to its summit or climbing the rock face for thrill-seeking hikers. At the top, you’re rewarded with stunning 360-degree vistas of the Abuja cityscape spreading out below the massive Rock.

3. Wase Rock, Plateau State

The Wase Rock (Hausa: Gwauron Dutse) is an enormous dome-shaped rocky inselberg located in Wase LGA of Plateau State, Nigeria. Standing alone on the Wase plain, it reaches a spectacular height of around 298 metres (978 feet) above the surface of the neighboring surroundings and 543 meters (1,781 feet) above sea level.

Formed over 70 million years ago, the Wase Rock began as molten magma deep within the Earth that eventually cooled and solidified into granite. Over time, the softer Rock surrounding the granite eroded, exposing the massive granite dome we see today. Wase Rock has vertical sides, a short fissure splits the peak, and the base is bordered by talus slopes (scree).

The Wase Rock is home to the Wase Bird Sanctuary, with over 200 species of birds residing in the area. Rare birds like the Fox Kestrel and Stone Partridge can be spotted around the Rock. The Rock also has cultural significance to the local tribes, including the Mwaghavul and Pyem, who view the Rock as sacred.

Climbing the Wase Rock is challenging but rewarding, with stunning 360 views of the surrounding Plateau landscape from the top. The best time to climb is the dry season, from December to February. Be very careful, as some parts of the climb can be quite steep and rocky. The local guides at the base of the Rock can provide guidance for climbing.

A natural wonder and an ecological hotspot, the Wase Rock is a must-see destination for anyone interested in the geology, nature and culture of Nigeria. Whether you explore from the ground or brave the climb to the summit, the Wase Rock will leave you in awe of its grandeur and beauty.

4. Riyom Rock, Plateau State

The Riyom Rock is an enormous granite inselberg located in Riyom local government area of Plateau state, Nigeria. Riyom Rock stands at about 250 meters (820.21 feet) high. Riyom Rock is one-of-a-kind rock arrangements that give the impression that they were crafted by an unseen hand, and the visitor wonders how such an unseen hand could have created such wonders.

Formed over 50 million years ago, the Riyom Rock began as an igneous intrusion of molten Rock below the Earth’s surface. Over time, the softer Rock around it eroded, exposing a landscape dominated by rocks large and small distributed unevenly between undulating hillocks and deep, cratering valleys. It is a mineral-rich area with deposits of tin and columbite.

The Riyom Rock is a spectacular sight, with near-vertical cliffs rising high above the surrounding savanna grasslands. Local legend says the Riyom Rock has strong spiritual powers and was once the site of ritual sacrifices.

Today, the Rock is an important landmark for the people of Riyom and a popular tourist destination, with hiking trails leading to the summit offering panoramic views of Plateau state.

5. Olumo Rock, Ogun State

Olumo Rock is located in the city of Abeokuta, Ogun State. It stands at 137 meters above sea level, making it a natural monument and the highest point in Ogun State. Olumo Rock is located in the heart of Abeokuta, whose name means “Under the rock” in Yoruba.

Olumo Rock has been inhabited for over 400 years. According to legend, the Rock was discovered by a hunter named Adagba as a place of refuge. In the 19th century, the Rock provided shelter and protection for the Egba people during war and enslaved person raids. The Egba people built their homes within and around the Rock, evidence of which can still be seen today.

The Rock is made of granite and gneiss, formed by the cooling and solidification of magma below the Earth’s surface. Over time, erosion exposed the Rock, which then became a natural fortress for the Egba people. The Rock has steps and walkways carved into its surface, allowing you to climb all the way to the top. At the summit, you’re rewarded with stunning views of the city and surrounding area.

Olumo Rock has since become an important cultural site. It houses shrines and tombs. An annual cultural festival takes place at the Rock to celebrate Egba’s history, culture, tradition, and unity. If you want to learn about the history and cultural heritage of the Egba people, a visit to the majestic Olumo Rock is a must. Climb to the top and take in the panoramic views; it’s an experience you won’t forget.

Which is the Biggest Rock in Nigeria?

Zuma Rock is Nigeria’s largest Rock. It is approximately 725 meters (2379 feet) above ground. It is about double the size of Abuja’s famous Aso Rock.


In concluding our expedition through Nigeria’s highest rocks, we’ve touched upon the geological marvels, cultural significance, and natural beauty that these towering formations offer. Each rock tells a unique story, contributing to the rich tapestry of Nigeria’s diverse landscape.

Discover more from NaijaCurrent

Subscribe now to keep reading and get access to the full archive.

Continue reading