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Signs to look out for and method to survive heat, scorching weather in Nigeria

Heat, Scorching Weather in Nigeria

Navigating through the intense heat of Nigeria requires strategic planning and adaptation.

This season, Nigerians are experiencing heatwave, causing millions of people to suffer through scorching heat.

The situation is made even worse by erratic power supply across the country.

The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) defines heat waves as a period of prolonged, excessively hot weather that is often accompanied by high humidity.

Heatwaves are becoming more frequent and severe because of climate change.

The Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NiMet) predicted a prolonged heatwave across the country in the coming days.

NiMet had predicted that: “Air temperatures hit 41°C over the North and 39°C over the South with model Projections indicating temperatures to remain high in the coming days.”

The agency warned that the high level of heat can cause dehydration, heat-related illness and respiratory issues, among other chronic conditions.

Dehydration could also cause fainting, chicken pox disease, measles, heat rash, weakness of the body, slight fever, dry lips, heat-related illnesses, respiratory issues, and increased vulnerability to chronic conditions.

Several studies have shown that heat could also lead to preterm birth and stillbirth for pregnant women exposed to extreme heat.

Some of the signs to look out for include:

  1. Dry lips
  2. Excessive thirst
  3. Excessive sweating
  4. Dehydration
  5. Weakness
  6. Nausea
  7. Small blisters
  8. Heat rashes
  9. Mild fever
  10. Nosebleeds
  11. Rapid heartbeat and breathing
  12. Cramps, usually in the arms and legs
  13. Confusion
  14. Fainting

Here are the ways to survive this period:

1. Take adequate fluid – Staying hydrated in hot weather is paramount to staying healthy. Drink at least three litres of water daily to hydrate yourself.

2. Wear light, breathable clothing to reduce exposure to high temperatures – Overdressing in the heat can make you hot faster; choose light or loose cotton clothes to help reduce heat rashes and absorb sweating. Choosing the right clothing materials is crucial. Learn about fabrics that allow your skin to breathe and keep you comfortable in the heat.

3. Avoid strenuous physical activity during peak heat hours — Stay indoors as much as possible between 12:00 noon and 4:00 pm evening time.

4. Take cold baths – For adults, a cold bath in hot weather would help reduce blood flow to the skin and, in turn, simmer down body temperature.

7. Seek shade – Shade can play an important role in reducing the overall heat load on the human body during extreme heat by providing relief from the direct heat of the sun. When we are exposed to the sun, the heat from the sun’s rays can directly heat up our skin and increase our body temperature.

When we are in the shade, we are protected from the direct heat of the sun, which can help to reduce our body temperature and lower the overall heat load on our body.

8. Use fans – Air-conditioning is an unaffordable luxury for most here, so people generally rely on fans. Fans will help reduce the effect of sweating profusely.



Living in Nigeria means embracing a climate that can be relentless. Acknowledging the intensity of the heat is the first step towards effective adaptation.

Explore how the scorching weather influences various aspects of daily life, from work routines to social activities.

Discover the significance of sun protection, including the use of hats, sunglasses, and appropriate sunscreen, to shield yourself from the harsh rays.

The importance of staying hydrated cannot be overstated. Uncover practical tips on maintaining proper hydration levels in the Nigerian heat.

Surviving the intense heat in Nigeria is not just about endurance; it’s about thriving. By implementing these six strategies into your daily life, you can transform the scorching weather into an opportunity for a more enjoyable and healthier lifestyle.

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