Nigeria, a vibrant and diverse country in West Africa, shares its borders with several nations, each contributing to the region’s rich tapestry. There are over 4 neighboring countries that share borders with Nigeria when you check the map of Africa. These countries are regarded as Nigeria’s neighbors. In this article, we detail information about these nations and their various land boundaries.
Nigeria shares land boundaries with four countries – to the east with Cameroun, Chad in North-East, Niger in the North, and it likewise borders the Republic of Benin in the Southwestern part.
Moreover, the southern borders of the country have the coastline with the Atlantic ocean. These countries bordering Nigeria have some common relation with the place they share boundaries within the country. How about we look at how many countries share land borders with Nigeria.
LIST OF NIGERIA’S NEIGHBOURING COUNTRIES THAT SHARE LAND BOUNDARIES
1. BENIN REPUBLIC
The Republic of Benin borders Nigeria in the east. The country shares a common boundary with Togo toward the west, Nigeria toward the east, and Burkina Faso and Niger toward the north. The capital of Benin is Porto-Novo anyway the economic capital and the seat of government is situated in Cotonou which is likewise the largest city in the country. There are more than 10.87 million people in Benin republic. A significant part of the country’s populace lives on the little southern coastline of the Bight of Benin which is a piece of the Gulf of Guinea in the northern tropical piece of the Atlantic Ocean. Agriculture is the major engagement of the people of Benin republic.
Cameroon is also another popular country in Central-Africa which shares borders with Eastern Nigeria. Although the country is not part of the ECOWAS, it is geographically and historically in West Africa. This Central-African country is home to more than 26 Million people who are mostly subsistence or commercial farmers. The country also known for exporting agricultural products including bananas, cocoa, oil palms, rubber, and tea to other top countries namely the Netherlands, France, China, Belgium, Italy, Algeria, and Malaysia.
English and French are the two most popular languages spoken in Cameroon with others being Cameroonian Pidgin, Fula, Ewondo and Camfranglais. Religions practiced in this country are Christianity, Islam and a handful of Cameroonians are traditional worshipers. Cameroon is also one of the most populated countries in Central Africa and its landmass is estimated to be around 475,442 km2. Its capital city, Yaoundé is the country’s most economically vibrant city and the administrative capital of the country.
3. REPUBLIC OF CHAD
The Republic of Chad is another country that borders Nigeria. The country is centrally located in Africa precisely in Central Africa. Chad is bordered by Libya toward the north, Sudan toward the east, the Central African Republic toward the south, Cameroon and Nigeria toward the southwest, and Niger toward the west. In terms of land mass, Chad is the fifth largest country in the continent. The country is named after the well-known Lake Chad which borders in between the country and Nigeria. The capital of Chad is N’Djamena, and it is the largest city in the country.
The greater part of Chadians are Muslims and they share a relationship with some tribes in northern Nigeria. Additionally, these individuals share comparative ethnic groups and social legacy. They are firmly related by occupation, especially the nomadic cattle rearing. Looking more at the people of Chad, it can be seen that they have a diverse ethnicity just like Nigeria. The country is home to more than 200 diverse ethnic groups. The official languages in Chad are Arabic and French. There are about 55% of Muslims making the Chad population while 40% are Christians.
Moreover, Chad was colonized by France in 1920 and they acquired independence in 1960 under the government of François Tombalbaye.
Sadly, a significant part of Chad’s population lives in poverty and a lot of them are displaced due to this reason and insecurity issues.
4. NIGER REPUBLIC
Nigeria borders Niger in the north. The country is formally known as the Republic of Niger, and it got its name from River Niger which runs through the country. Niger Republic is bordered by Libya toward the upper east, Chad toward the east, Nigeria and Benin toward the south, Burkina Faso and Mali toward the west, and Algeria toward the northwest. The capital city of Niger is Niamey, which is the most developed city in the country. Niger is very close to Nigeria, especially the northern parts. This closeness has allowed these people to have a comparative lifestyle for a very long time. They are of similar ethnic groups and have similar customs and traditions. Most Nigerians are Muslims and they are ranchers whose aptitude is mostly in cattle rearing. The people of Niger have cross boundary marriages, family ties and method of dressing and geologically they have a similar regional territory.
With a land area of 1,270,000 km2 (490,000 sq mi), Niger is the largest country in West Africa. Be that as it may, more than 80% of its land region lies in the Sahara Desert. The country’s population is around 21 million and is found in high concentration in the far south and west of the country. Niger is a very poor country and it has been positioned near the lower part of the United Nations’ Human Development Index (HDI). Starting in 2015, the country was positioned 187th of 188 countries. An overwhelming part of the population lives in provincial areas, and has little admittance to high level education. This has made the country to be lagging behind in terms of education in the world scene.
In conclusion, Nigeria’s neighboring countries play a crucial role in shaping the nation’s identity and future. The bonds forged through history, culture, and economics create a mosaic of collaboration and shared aspirations for regional prosperity.